CAROLYN'S COMPOSITIONS

June 1, 2014

11 Facts About Flag Day: June 14

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11 FACTS ABOUT FLAG DAY

JUNE 14

Photo taken in Cleveland Heights, Ohio, by my grandson Marcus

Photo taken in Cleveland Heights, Ohio, by my grandson Marcus

Inspired by these three decades of state and local celebrations, Flag Day – the anniversary of the Flag Resolution of 1777 – was officially established by the Proclamation of President Woodrow Wilson on May 30th, 1916. While Flag Day was celebrated in various communities for years after Wilson’s proclamation, it was not until August 3rd, 1949, that President Truman signed an Act of Congress designatin June 14th of each year as National Flag Day.^

Below are 10 questions plus a bonus question about flags:

IMG_1656E QUESTIONS:

  1. Who designed America’s current 50-star flag?
  2. What do you call a person who studies flags?
  3. In what order should the flags of the branches of the Armed Forces be displayed?
  4. Who cut the American flag into pieces and was honored for doing it?
  5. How did a 1912 Executive Order change the way flag makers produc ed the flag?
  6. What are the exact shades of the colors blue and red?
  7. “Shipwreck” Kelly (1885-1952) was famous for sitting for long periods of time. What did he have to do with flags?
  8. The American flag first flew over a foreign fort in what country?
  9. What is meant by the flag’s own right?
  10. How many official United States of America flags have existed?

BONUS QUESTION:

Some preserved flags commemorate historical events. What events do the following flag dates memorialize: 1812, 1861, 1865?

To see the answers click on MORE

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May 11, 2014

The Worth of a Mother

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THE WORTH OF A MOTHER

Drawing by my daughter Sandy when she was 4 1/2

Drawing by my daughter Sandy when she was 4 1/2

I wrote the above article on Friday, February 7, 1986, in response to a 20/20 show aired out of Youngstown, Ohio, on the previous day. At the time I was leading a parenting group and had spent eight years as a family day care home proprietor, which allowed me to be at home with my children and enjoy their growing up years. We (who are not employed out of the home and having children in child day care) are intelligent adults who made a decision to invest in our nation’s most valuable resource.

Trilium growing in our woods

Trilium growing in our woods

Something troubled me about a show, Working Mothers, aired on 20/20. I finally got it—there was a contradiction expressed in statements by two separate persons:

  • The psychological need to be a breadwinner
  • Children are our most important resource

It implies that a person not receiving a paycheck is not contributing his/her share. It is too bad that a mother’s worth is defined only in terms of the paycheck they bring home and not in their overall contribution to the good of society.

Another contradiction:

  • Parents not earning a paycheck are not pulling their weight
  • Parents (or others) caring for non-custodial children have more worth because they earn a paycheck

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February 9, 2014

11 Facts About Share a Smile Day (March 1)

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11 FACTS ABOUT SHARE A SMILE DAY (March 1)

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 March 1 is Share a Smile day. Who can you share a smile with, give a smile to?

  •  What sunshine is to flowers, smiles are to humanity. These are but trifles, to be sure; but scattered along life’s pathway, the good they do is inconceivable. —Joseph Addison
  •  Let us always meet each other with smile, for the smile is the beginning of love…Smile at each other, smile at your wife, smile at your husband, smile at your children, smile at each other — it doesn’t matter who it is — and that will help you to grow up in greater love for each other….Let us make one point, that we meet each other with a smile, when it is difficult to smile. Smile at each other, make time for each other in your family. —quotes from Mother Teresa

How many smiles will you give away today?

QUESTIONS

  1.  To smile is to use how many muscles?
  2.  How can you discern a fake smile from an authentic smile?
  3.  At what age does a baby learn to smile?
  4.  What is the scientific name for genuine smiles?
  5.  Which expression uses more muscles, a frown or a smile?
  6.  At what distance can people recognize a smile?
  7.  How many different types of smiles are there?
  8.  How is the response to a slow onset smile different than the response to a fast onset smile?
  9.  Is smiling the byproduct of happiness, or is happiness the byproduct of smiling?
  10.  What are the two muscles that create a smile, and the only two that create a genuine, involuntary smile?

BONUS QUESTION

What three ways does smiling improve our health?

Click on MORE to learn the answers…

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January 19, 2014

11 Facts About Groundhog’s Day (Feb. 2)

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11 FACTS ABOUT GROUNDHOG’S DAY (Feb. 2)

Punxsutawney Phil's mug shot

Punxsutawney Phil’s mug shot

UPDATE—FEBRUARY 2, 2014: Expect 6 more weeks of winter. Punxsutawney Phil saw his shadow,

Falling midway between the winter solstice and the spring equinox, February 2 is a significant day in several ancient and modern traditions.

The first official Groundhog Day celebration took place on February 2, 1887, in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania. It was the brainchild of local newspaper editor Clymer Freas, who sold a group of businessmen and groundhog hunters—known collectively as the Punxsutawney Groundhog Club—on the idea. The men trekked to a site called Gobbler’s Knob, where the inaugural groundhog became the bearer of bad news when he saw his shadow.^

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NOTE: To entertain children click on Groundhog Day—Children’s Stories & Poems .

Read the 2015 article: Groundhog Day Recipes & Pictures

NOTICE: As of January 15, 2015, CAROLYN’S COMPOSITIONS has moved to Carolyn’s Online Magazine. I invite you to visit the new site and to subscribe in the FOLLOW box in the upper right hand corner.

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QUESTIONS

  1. The groundhog’s cleanliness protects them how?
  2. A groundhog’s life span is normally 6-8 years. Why has Punxsutawny Phil’s add 7 additional years to his life each year?
  3. The movie Groundhog Day, released in 1993, had what effect on the 1994 Groundhog Day ceremony on Gobbler’s Knob in Punx Pennsylvania?
  4. Why don’t groundhogs drink water?
  5. Punxsutawney Phil has hobnobbed with which famous persons?
  6. What is Punxsutawney Phil’s full name/title?
  7. By what other terms is a groundhog known?
  8. Why did the Germans start asking the groundhog about spring?
  9. What did groundhogs discover in Ohio?
  10. Groundhogs are simple creatures who build small burrows. True or false?

BONUS QUESTION

When groundhogs hibernate during the winter their body temperature drops from 99 degrees F. to what? Their heartbeat rate drops from 80 beats a minute to what? And their breathing drops from 12 breaths a minute to what?

Click on MORE to find answers.

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