Hug for Joanne
11 FACTS ABOUT MAY DAY
- The maypole, said to be a _____________, was originally made from a growing __________________ known as a ______________.
- May Day, celebrated across the globe, is actually two distinct holiday. One honors __________ and the other recognizes ________________.
- In 1925 ___________American astronaut, one of the seven original Project Mercury astronauts, was born. In 1967 _________ married Priscilla Beaulieu. The only other entertainer to attend was Redd Foxx. In 1945 ____________, German Nazi leader, Hitler’s propaganda minister, killed his family and himself when the Allies entered Berlin.
- During The Haymarket Affair of 1886, a rally in ________________ turned violent and more than a dozen persons were killed.
- May Day marks the midpoint between spring and summer, occurring exactly half a year from ________________.
- The world tree maypole is supposed to bridge the gap between ______________ and_______________.
- For Native Americans, May Day ushered in the month of the flower moon, a full moon under which ________________.
- People cover the maypole in bright ribbons and dance around the world tree. What did the pole represent? _____________ What did the ribbons represent) _____________
- May-day, the sea faring ocean distress call, is rooted in the French word ___________ , meaning ___________.
- Traditionally, on May Day, couples could be found disappearing into the fields to make love, in order to ____________; it was the last chance for _____________________.,
May Day’s Pagan origins are linked to both _______________ (a Celtic/Gaelic festival – the name means ‘day of fire’) and _______________ (celebrated the night before May Day). A similar Roman festival was called ____________________.
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- fertility symbol, tree cut from the woods** world tree*****
- spring, workers: The Second International, a rather influential conference of socialist groups headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, met in Paris in 1889. This was to proclaim May 1st as: “International Workers’ Day, or Labor Day, a day of political demonstrations and celebrations organized by the unions, anarchist, and socialist groups.”^^^^^
- Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Elvis Presley, Paul Josef Goebbels^
- During the Haymarket Affair of 1886, more than a dozen people were killed after a 3-day strike and rally. US Labor Unions had agreed upon a general nationwide strike on May 1, 1886 in support of an eight-hour work day. One such rally, held outside the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, Chicago, Illinois, became violent when police fired into the crowd of striking workers. Outraged, the worker’s organized another rally the next day at Haymarket Square. The rally became violent when a bomb was thrown into a crowd of police. Seven officers were killed. A very public trial ensued which ended in the public hanging of four anarchists.^^
- November 1st.*****
- heaven and earth*****
- flowers would dance under *****
- the maypole represents the male, the ribbons represent the female.*****
- the French m’aidez (help me).^^^
- enhance the fertility of the growing crops, for fairies to travel to the earth
BONUS QUESTION ANSWER
BQA Beltane*, Walpurgis Night*, Floralia^^^^
Beltane marks samos or the light (summer) half of the year. Along with winter, it was one of the two major seasons of the ancient Celts, celebrated from April 30th (May Eve) to May 1st (May Day). Our modern celebration is a descendant of the Celtic fire festivals Community bonfires, or Bel fires, were lit on hilltops in honor of the proto-Celtic god known by many names such as Bel, Bile, or Belenus. He was the “Bright One,” a god of life and death, light and fire. The ancients believed that driving cattle between two bonfires would bless them with good milk production and fertility. Likewise, bonfire jumping was thought to provide fertility for couples and singles who wanted to attract a spouse.&&
In German tradition, this holiday was called Walpurgisnacht, or Walpurgis Night, also called Hexennacht which means Witches’ Night.&&& Walpurgis Night (Walpurgisnacht in German, and Dutch, Valborgsmässoafton in Swedish, Vappu in Finnish, Volbriöö in Estonian, Valpurgijos naktis in Lithuanian,Valpurģu nakts or Valpurģi in Latvian, čarodějnice or Valpuržina noc in Czech, chódotypalenje Lower Sorbian, chodojtypalenje in Upper Sorbian, and finally Valpurga Nokto in Esperanto) is a holiday celebrated on April 30 or May 1, in Germany, Finland, Sweden, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania and Czechia.
Walpurgis Night (in German folklore) the night of April 30 (May Day’s eve), when witches meet on the Brocken mountain and hold revels with their Gods…”
The festival is named after Saint Walburga (known in Scandinavia as “Valborg”; alternative forms are “Walpurgis”, “Wealdburg”, or “Valderburger”), born in Wessex in 710. She was a niece of Saint Boniface and, according to legend, a daughter to the Saxon prince St. Richard. Together with her brothers she travelled to Frankonia, Germany, where she became a nun and lived in the convent of Heidenheim, which was founded by her brother Wunibald. Walburga died on 25 February 779 and that day still carries her name in the Catholic calendar. However she was not made a saint until 1 May in the same year, and that day carries her name in the Swedish calendar.&
Floralia, an ancient May Day celebration. Flora, the Roman goddess in whose honor the festival was held, was a goddess of flowers, which generally begin to bloom in the spring. The holiday for Flora (as officially determined by Julius Caesar when he fixed the Roman calendar) ran from April 28 to May 3.&&&